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Volume 4, Issue 4, 2016
Effect of Jatropha Curcas as Feed Additive on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristic of Weaned Rabbit
O.S George, O.N. Wariboko , C. Nwachukwu
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.AAB.2016.5.4.8285
Published: 20 Jun, 2016
Pages: 82-85
[ Abstract ]
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to determine the effect of Jatropha Curcas leaf meal on growth performance and carcass characteristics of weaned rabbit. Four diets were formulated to contain different level of jatropha leaf meal. Treatment one was the control (0g of jatropha leaf meal), treatment two (0.50g jatropha leaf meal), Treatment three (0.70g jatropha leaf meal) and treatment four (0.90g jatropha leaf meal). Twenty four (24) six weeks old rabbits were divided into four group dietary treatment. Each group was replicated three times with two rabbits per replicate and housed in a cage system in a Complete Randomized Design (CRD). The results show that rabbit feed with 0.50g jatropha leaf meal and 0.90g jatropha leaf meal performed significantly (p<0.05) better than the rest in terms of body weight. There was a significant (p<0.05) difference in feed conversion efficiency among the treatment. The carcass showed significant (p<0.05) difference among treatment for live weight, dressed weight and dressing percentage. There was also significant (p<0.05) difference in organ weight (lungs and spleen) except for heart, liver and kidney among the treatments. The results suggest that jatropha leaf meal used at 0.50g and 0.90g will improve feed utilization and performance of growing rabbit.
Effect of Hospital Landscaping on the Health and Recovery of Patients
Ali Aslam, Irum Shaheen, Nawal Afzal, Qurat-ul-Ain, Muhammad Qasim, Fukhar Zaman, Sajid Hussain, Shahbaz Hussain
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.AAB.2016.5.4.8688
Published: 20 Jun, 2016
Pages: 86-88
[ Abstract ]
The visible landscape is believed to have effect on human beings in many ways. It provides aesthetic appreciation and health as well as the whole well-being of the human. The present research work was carried out at Aga Khan Hospital, Karachi and Faisalabad, Institute of Cardiology to investigate the effect of outdoor landscape and interior plant scaping on patient’s health and recovery. Supportive information about the benefits of landscape on patient’s well being was collected. The results revealed that 96.7% patients liked to see greenery around hospital vicinity. Regarding the benefits of hospital landscape, 76.7% patients reported improved mental health, 62.5% patients reported faster recovery from illness, 65.0% patients reported released stress, 94.2% patients reported healing effects, 96.7% patients reported therapeutic benefits, 95.0% patients reported pleasing effect of indoor plants, 97.5% patients reported soothing effects of plants and 83.3% patients reported psychological benefits. Among all the respondents 98.3% reported that they liked to spend time in hospital garden and liked to view plants which ultimately improve their health. In respondent’s opinion the hospital landscape strongly affected their health and viewing landscape around hospital provided calming effect.
Lower Level of Hierarchy Is of Hygiene Seekers
Yogita Hooda, Hamid Khan, Tapesh Chandra Gupta
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.AAB.2016.5.4.89101
Published: 20 Jun, 2016
Pages: 89-101
[ Abstract ]
Research is a wholesome study of environment of the organisation, workers relationship with peers as well as superiors; and work itself. Observation method along with interview technique is used to collect the is found that apart from salary it is work culture and opportunities for promotion and growth which motivates workers and increase loyalty and retention.
Effect of gamma irradiation and moisture content on reduction of mycotoxins in black and white pepper
Hamdy A. Shaaban
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.AAB.2016.5.4.102106
Published: 20 Jun, 2016
Pages: 102-106
[ Abstract ]
Gamma ray was applied to reduce mycotoxins, i.e. ochratoxin A (OTA) and aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2 (AFB1, AFB2, AFG1 and AFG2) in black and white pepper. The aim of the this study was to evaluate the efficacy of gamma radiation for decontaminating ochratoxin) and aflatoxins residues in artificially contaminated black and white pepper samples. The moisture content of the pepper samples was set at 10% or 16%, and the applied gamma dose ranged from 5 to 20 kGy. Mycotoxin levels were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) after immune affinity column (IAC) chromatography. Both the gamma irradiation dose and moisture content showed significant effects (p<0.05) on mycotoxin reduction. The maximum toxin reductions, found at16%moisture content and 20 kGy, were 57.2%, 53.4%, 40.4%, 48.6% and 44.2% for OTA, AFB1, AFB2, AFG1and AFG2, respectively.

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