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Volume 21, Issue 3, 2018
Gender Differential Analysis among Cassava Farmers in Osun State
Oyewo I. O, Momoh E.O, Adelalu K.O3
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.SA.2018.21.3.7377
Published: 2018
Pages: 73-77
[ Abstract ]
Using cross sectional data in analyzing gender differential among cassava farmers in Osun State. Multistage sampling technique was used to select 50 males and 40 females Cassava farmers from selected villages, Odeyinka, Bembe and Bamidele in Irewole Local Government, area of the State, respondents were randomly selected through a well structured questionnaire and data was analysed using STATA. The study revealed that 48% and 60% of the male and female cassava farmers were between the ages of 41-50 and 31-40 years respectively, 82% and 66% of the male and female cassava farmers were married, 80% of the male had access to credit through cooperative while 45% of the female had access through loan, 80% of the male harvested between 1500kg-2000kg of cassava while 45% of the female harvested between 500kg-1000kg of cassava. The regression result revealed that cassava stem cutting was statistically significant at 10% for both male, female and the pooled respectively, farm size used was significant at 1% for both male and female farmers except at 10% for the pooled, source of credit was negative and significant at 1% for the male farmers and fertilizer was also significant at 10% for the pooled. R2 was 0.997, 0.570 and 0.966 for male, female and pooled data, it was therefore concluded that there is a significant difference between male and female cassava farmers in the study.
Effect Of Polluted Soil On Germination And Seedling Growth Of Lens Culinaris
Muhammad Zafar Iqbal, Muhammad Hamza Khan, Nimra Zahid, Maria Pervaiz, Muhammad Shafiq
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.SA.2018.21.3.7884
Published: 2018
Pages: 78-84
[ Abstract ]
Industrial, anthropogenic and modern civilization caused soil pollution problem all around the world. The shoot length and root length decreased with the increase in percentage of polluted soil. The overall fresh weight of the seedling showed decline in weight as percentage of polluted soil increase, except for the sample with 25% polluted soil which showed comparatively less weight than other treated samples. The dry weight of the seedling also showed similar descending results with the increase in percentage of polluted soil. The treatment with 25% polluted soil showed low dry weight as compared to rest of the treated samples. The result of the present studies showed high percentage of rate of seed germination, shoot length, root length and total seedling length of lentil in control sample as compared to polluted soil treated seedling. The treatment of polluted soil decreased shoot, root, total seedling weight, shoot, root, and total seedling dry weight of lentil as compared to control. With the increase in polluted soil concentration further decrease root/shoot ratio, leaf area, leaf fresh weight, dry leaf weight, leaf specific area, leaf weight ratio and leaf area weight ratio of lentil as compared to control treatment.According to tolerance test increase in concentration of polluted soil treatment decreased tolerance percentage in seedlings of lentil as compared to control The seedling vigor index in response to polluted soil treatment (T1), (T2), (T3), (T4), (T5) was recorded 752.40, 300, 161.50, 294 and 120, respectively.
Performance of Bensulfuran methyl 12% + Bispyribac sodium 18% WP against annual weeds in transplanted rice (Oryza sativa) cultivation in Bangladesh
M. M. Mahbub, M. K. A. Bhuiyan
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.SA.2018.21.3.8592
Published: 2018
Pages: 85-92
[ Abstract ]
Weed infestation is one of the foremost threats to crop growth and yield. Herbicide is the technique of restrictive weed infestation so that crops can be grown gainfully. Bensulfuran methyl 12% + Bispyribac sodium 18% WP is a latest post-emergence herbicide in Bangladesh. Field trials were conducted at Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI), Gazipur throughout Boro, 2014-15 and Aman, 2015 to assess the effectiveness of Bensulfuran methyl 12% + Bispyribac sodium 18% WP on weed repression as well as performance of transplanted rice. Bensulfuran methyl 12% + Bispyribac sodium 18% WP were applied at the rate of 125, 150 and 175 g ha-1 along with Pyrazosulfuran ethyl 125 g ha-1, weed free and unweeded control was used for assessment. Visual inspection indicated that this herbicide possesses high selectivity in addition to not toxic to rice plants. The results revealed that the foremost weed flora associated with the transplanted rice was primarily comprised of two grasses, three sedges and three broadleaves in both Boro, 2014-15 and Aman, 2015. The most dominant weeds were Cyperus difformis, Cyperus rotundus, Echinochloa crus-galli, Scirpus maritimus and Monochoria vaginalis in both the growing seasons. Application of of Bensulfuran methyl 12% + Bispyribac sodium 18% WP 150 g ha-1 was most effective to suppress weed density and dry masses in both the seasons resulting increased grain yield more than 40% as compared to unweeded control. Therefore, Bensulfuran methyl 12% + Bispyribac sodium 18% WP should apply 150 g ha-1 at one to two leaf stage of weed which may be recommended for effectively control weeds in transplanted rice.
Study of the acid production and proteolytic activity of the strains isolated from tulum cheese made by artisanal technology
Katya P. Dimitrova, Atanas S. Vuchkov, Yordanka M. Kartalska
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.SA.2018.21.3.9397
Published: 2018
Pages: 93-97
[ Abstract ]
Tulum cheese is one of the specific products for the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. Its traditional artisanal production involves the use of raw milk and ripening in an animal skin bag for several months until the cheese obtains its distinctive taste and odor. There are several technologies of production of tulum cheese and just as there are differences among the countries, there are also differences among the regions of each country. The predominant microflora of tulum cheese made by artisanal technology is different strains of lactobacilli and enterococcii. The aim of this work is to study acid production and proteolytic activity of 20 strains lactic acid bacteria with ovoid shape which are isolated from fresh cheese crumbs and ripened tulum cheese. The obtained results show that isolated strains can lower the pH to 4.45 and elevate the titratable acidity up to 110°Тh of reconstituted skim milk. The strains showed similar proteolytic activity and the most active strain has a clear zone of 22.89 mm on 24 h and 32.92 on 48 h on MRS-agar supplemented with 5% milk.
Management of Foot and Root Rot Disease of Eggplant Caused by Sclerotium rolfsii under In vivo Condition
Mohammad Nuray Alam Siddique, Abu Noman Faruq Ahmmed, Md. Golam Hasan Mazumder, Nusrat Jahan, Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.SA.2018.21.3.98101
Published: 2018
Pages: 98-101
[ Abstract ]
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of fungicides and bio-agents against foot and root rot disease of eggplant at Department of Plant Pathology, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh during 2013–2014 by following randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Five chemical fungicides, two plant extracts, poultry manure and an antagonist bio-agent were evaluated against the disease in field condition. Fungicides and plant extracts were sprayed at the base of each plant and adjacent soil at 40, 50 and 60 days after transplanting (DAT). Organic manure and bio-agent were applied to the soil before transplanting. The lowest disease incidence (7.10 %) was observed in Bavistin 50 WP at 120 DAT followed by Topgan 50 WP and Ridomil Gold. The lowest disease severity (stem lesion area) was also found in Bavistin 50 WP (0.71 cm) that was statistically similar with Topgan 50 WP and Ridomil Gold. Regarding yield and yield contributing characters, Bavistin 50 WP applied field gave the best results. The plants gave higher yield (18.07 ton/ha), plant hight (88 cm), number of branch/plant (7.33) and number of leaf/branch (25.33). Application of bio-agent (Trichoderma harzainum) also showed promising effect against foot and root rot disease.


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